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Design: A national two-wave survey of new graduate nurses across Canada.
Participants: A random sample of 3906 Registered Nurses with less than 3 years of
experience currently working in direct patient care was obtained from the provincial
registry databases across Canada. At Time 1, 1020 of 3743 eligible nurses returned
completed questionnaires (usable response rate = 27.3%). One year later, Time 1 respon-
dents were mailed a follow-up survey; 406 returned a completed questionnaire (response
rate = 39.8%).
Methods: Surveys containing standardized questionnaires were mailed to participants’
home address. Descriptive statistics, correlations, and hierarchical linear regression
analyses were conducted using SPSS software.
Results: Overall, new graduate nurses were positive about their experiences and
committed to nursing. However, over half of new nurses in the first year of practice
reported high levels of emotional exhaustion and many witnessed or experienced
incivility (24–42%) at work. Findings from hierarchical linear regression analyses revealed
that situational and personal factors explained significant amounts of variance in new
graduate nurses’ job and career satisfaction and turnover intentions. Cynicism was a
significant predictor of all four outcomes one year later, while Psycap predicted job and
career satisfaction and career turnover intentions.
Conclusions: Results provide a look into the worklife experiences of Canadian new
graduate nurses over a one-year time period and identify factors that influence their jobrelated outcomes. These findings show that working conditions for new graduate nurses are generally positive and stable over time, although workplace mistreatment is an issue to be addressed.

H.K.S. Laschinger et al. / International Journal of Nursing Studies 57 (2016) 82–95


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